Contexte historique du christianisme et inculturation de la liturgie catholique : de la liturgie orientale aux rites africains

Abstract : As its title suggests, this thesis aims at surveying the whole history of the Christian liturgy, organizing its content around a few key ideas. We have found that, from its inception during the Last Supper and throughout its historical development, the Christian Liturgy has been shaped by several factors. It is to be noted that whenever Christianity made a successful and lasting impact, it was due to its transcultural ability to adapt to the diverse cultural environments it wished to integrate. From its origins, it was characterized by liturgical pluralism and even by different liturgical traditions anchored in different cultures. In western societies, this principle was followed so strictly that the Christian liturgy became associated with western cultures and peoples and, eventually, came to be identified with them. Yet missionaries often failed to apply this principle to other countries where they imposed western liturgy taking no account of local customs. As a remedy, Vatican II decided that cultural and local specificity should be taken into account by missionaries to add depth to their ministry. The triple axis of the thesis is therefore based on the historical development of the Christian liturgy along pragmatic and inculturation lines: A first phase when, arising from its Jewish culture, Christianity spread to the West and integrated western cultures and peoples positively. A second phase when missionaries? methods and theologies disregarded cultural specificity, with uncertain, or rather negative, results in evangelical terms. A third phase, in the wake of Vatican II, which favoured systematic inculturation, enabling the emergence of African rituals such as the Zairian rite. While grounded in the Roman liturgical tradition, these rites were moulded by traditional African values making the liturgy, and Christianity as a whole, more meaningful to these peoples.
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Marie-Jeanne Mampuya - Muende. Contexte historique du christianisme et inculturation de la liturgie catholique : de la liturgie orientale aux rites africains. Religions. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN21022⟩. ⟨tel-01777320⟩

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