Logique culturelle et dynamique de la performance sportive féminine en Algérie

Abstract : Have war, massive urbanization and children education contributed to free or to alienate women, by pushing them in the spotlight ? The Algerian sportswoman debate stands on a multi-dimensional reality level in a society organised around woman protection. The traditional division of space in indoor for women and outdoor for men, facing the contemporaneous life is creating new situations. These situations are generated by the influence of the "modern" model on an individual who is still led by the traditional values with which he was socialized. The socialization system in which the Algerian sportswomen are involved made them develop strategies regarding the space division : indoors / outdoors. The woman is not able to choose a new life style as long as she is not sure she can replace her mother character/role with another one (because it is the one that gives her a status in the society). Thus, she is forced to a permanent switch between a traditional and a modern character (we mean by modern what is contemporaneous and done currently and traditional what used to be done). On one hand, this "in-between two cultures" resulting from historical and economical reasons (girls right to education, women's employment,?) is generating ambivalent and uncomfortable situations for the Algerian women athletes. On the other hand, the sport environment (which can not match the traditional one), as it is dealing with the body, makes the Algerian sportswoman break up with their social norms. For this woman, "talking" to a body, usually constrained to the silence outside the private sphere, is considered as rules breaking with a rejection risk. For the traditional society, the body and its representation is intimate whereas in sport practice, it is public : the Algerian sportswoman has to manage these contradictory situations in her performance quest. The analysis of feminine athletes' paths in various fields raised the fact that women are missing in the sports sphere for different reasons. The results of this investigation allowed us to reveal the existence of performance dynamics with a cultural logic that is not shown in the masculine/feminine opposition nor in the tradition/modernity opposition. These results allowed us also to identify the clichés of a religion that is supposed to forbid any sports practice for women. However, this investigation demonstrates that the family environment does not accept this kind of socialization unless it gets "productive" by reaching high performances generating recognition and rewards. At this moment, there is an inversion of the cultural dynamics with acceptation and overvaluation of the new status. To conclude, we can say that the cultural logic keeps on leading the sportswomen and their environment, demonstrating a surprising capacity to absorb and destroy any will of innovation and openness.
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Fatma-Zohra Bougherira. Logique culturelle et dynamique de la performance sportive féminine en Algérie. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN21017⟩. ⟨tel-01777336⟩

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