Effet de la diffusion de l'hydrogène sur le comportement thermomécanique des alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) à base nickel-titane : caractérisation, modélisation et simulation numérique

Abstract : A degradation of the mechanical properties of NiTi-based shape memory alloys superelastic archs, used in orthodontic treatments, was observed after hydrogen absorption. The effect of hydrogen was first investigated on the global behaviour of archs using tensile tests and secondly on the local behaviour using nanoindentation tests. A first approach to model the behavior of AMFs after hydrogen absorption has been proposed, by introducing the dependence of martensitic transformation parameters on the average hydrogen concentration, observed in the stress-strain curves obtained, in an existing dedicated model to SMA. A second approach is to propose a coupled thermomechanical model. A new thermodynamic potential is defined by introducing the chemical strain due to the presence of hydrogen and the interaction of the latter with martensite variants. Thermodynamic forces are deduced from this potential and balanced by involving mechanical, thermal and chemical dissipative phenomena. The exploitation of the proposed model required the development of a special finite element adopting the hydrogen concentration as an additional degree of freedom that takes into account the thermomechanical coupling and the proposed formulation of the thermal and chemical equilibrium
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Amani Lachiguer. Effet de la diffusion de l'hydrogène sur le comportement thermomécanique des alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) à base nickel-titane : caractérisation, modélisation et simulation numérique. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine; École nationale d'Ingénieurs de Monastir (Tunisie), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0384⟩. ⟨tel-01902615⟩

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