Heterogeneous photo-fenton process for removal of micropollutants at very low concentration from Meurthe river

Abstract : Twenty one micropollutants including pharmaceuticals, personal cares product, endocrine disruptors and perfluorinated compounds presenting at ng/L in the real water of Meurthe river, were successfully quantified and removed using heterogeneous photo-Fenton process. To achieve this goal, an analytical-catalytic methodology was developed and the work steps were performed linked together in a cycle-like manner. The use of the sensitive and efficient multi-residual SPE-LC-MS/MS analytical method allowed us to analyze and quantify the mixture of micropollutants present in a complex matrix during 3 periods of the year with different weather conditions, from 5 sampling sites. Results showed that the highest concentrations of most of the present micropollutants are observed in October at ng/L, Moulin Noir sampling site found to contain the largest number and type of these pollutants, the WWTP was not efficient in the removal of the micropollutants present in water and the drinking water used from tab was totally safe from micropollutants. The calculation of the fluxes and estimation of the mass balance at the rivers confluence confirmed the good precision and reliability of our measurement methodology, and specify the most suitable site for water to be taken from to be used in the removal tests which was Moulin Noir. Having the appropriate water sample, an efficient iron impregnated Faujasite catalyst was developed and used in a photo-Fenton process for the micropollutant removal tests. After characterization and optimization of the different experimental factors using the 2 model macropollutants, phenol and diclofenac, the real tests were performed on real water samples from Moulin Noir. The results demonstrated the good efficiency of the photo-Fenton process with the cocktail of 21 micropollutants. Except for sulfamethoxazole and PFOA, the concentrations of all the other micro-contaminants became lower than the limit of quantification of the LC-MS/MS after 30 minutes or 6 hours of photo-Fenton treatment depending on their initial concentrations under the effect of both adsorption and Fenton mechanisms. Comparing the photo-Fenton process to heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation over TiO2, Faster micropollutants removal occurred with the zeolite
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Hawraa Ayoub. Heterogeneous photo-fenton process for removal of micropollutants at very low concentration from Meurthe river. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université de Lorraine; Université libanaise, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0025⟩. ⟨tel-01920215⟩

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