Oral bioavailability studies of S-nitrosoglutathione using intestinal barrier models by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry after labeling with the nitrogen isotope 15

Abstract : The development of innovative nitric oxide (NO) donors for the chronic treatment of cardiovascular diseases implies their bioavailability studies after oral administration. S-nitrosothiols (RSNOs) look interesting drug candidates for this purpose and evaluating their intestinal permeability appears the first step to be realized. Thus, an analytical method offering high sensitivity is needed; moreover this method should be selective by differentiating between the endogenous production of NO, the intake of nitrite and nitrate ions via the diet, and the drug itself. Our work consisted in using S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) labeled with the stable nitrogen isotope 15 (15N) as a model. Released 15NO species were derivatized by two conventional methods: Griess method leading to the formation of an azo adduct; reaction with 2,3-diaminonaphthalene (DAN) producing 2,3-naphtotriazole (NAT); fragmentation studies of the two adducts by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) allow the selection of DAN method because it provides the highest sensitivity. An original transition resulting from the NAT fragmentation in Higher-energy Collisional Dissociation (HCD) mode instead of the conventional Collisionally Induced Dissociation (CID) mode was pointed out and permitted to reach a limit of quantification of 5 nM (20 fold less than when using fluorescence). The LC-MS/MS method was validated and applied to the GS15NO intestinal permeability studies with two models: in vitro (a monolayer of Caco-2 epithelial cells), and ex vivo (isolated intestine of rat (ileum) in an Ussing chamber). The apparent permeability values calculated with concentrations of GS15NO metabolites (nitrite, nitrate ions and RSNOs) classify it as a middle permeable drug. Studies on GSNO denitrosating processes using isolated rat intestine demonstrate that the enzymes γ-glutamyltransferase and protein disulfide isomerase play a pivotal role
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Haiyan Yu. Oral bioavailability studies of S-nitrosoglutathione using intestinal barrier models by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry after labeling with the nitrogen isotope 15. Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Université de Lorraine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0100⟩. ⟨tel-01921077⟩

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