Étude des mécanismes d’instabilité et d’envol des particules en lien avec l’hydratation des sols fins

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to characterize the soil surface degradation mechanisms of compacted soils subjected to cyclic rolling solicitations. These cyclic loadings generated by traffic are the main responsible of dust emission during earthworks. The present study was carried out in collaboration with “Fédération Nationale des Travaux Publics” and “Syndicat Professionnel des Terrassiers de France“, as part of their voluntary commitment to better control the water consumption during earthworks implementation, and particularly for dust abatement. The first part of the report deals with the evolution of soil compaction properties obtained by using different compaction methods, at laboratory and in-situ scales. The rolling compaction method has been considered, at laboratory scale in order to reproduce a stress tensor rotation similar to that applied in-situ. The study confirmed that the proposed rolling compaction method allows both to reproduce a continuous rotation of the stress tensor, and to maintain an average density state close to that of the laboratory compaction reference. The microstructural study highlighted that inter-aggregate pore size is governed by compaction, while intra-aggregate pore size is influenced by soil humidification. The study of mechanisms of soil surface degradation under rolling loads, responsible for the dust emission, was carried out in the second part of the study. This part demonstrates the influence of rolling cycles on the soil surface state of compacted soil and its evolution. The first rolling cycles generates a pullout aggregates, and then, under the effect of repetitive passages, these aggregates break down into smaller aggregates, or even fine particles with high dust emission potential. Soil surface degradation occurs to be linked to the implementation conditions, the compaction degree, the drying process as well as the type of soil. The third part of the study deals with the water adsorption and infiltration potential of unconsolidated soils during spraying phase by water mist. Correlations between soil specific surface area and adsorption potential with the hydraulic conductivity of the soil have been established. The analysis of the surface structure via image processing demonstrated the aggregation phenomenon under humidification, which is a function of the granulometric and mineralogical composition of the soil. Based on the adsorption and infiltration study, a spraying parameter is proposed to link the hydraulic properties of soil with the spraying system used in-situ
Document type :
Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2018_0114_SEDIKI.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01921123
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 13, 2018 - 4:05:32 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 3:40:16 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01921123, version 1

Citation

Ouardia Sediki. Étude des mécanismes d’instabilité et d’envol des particules en lien avec l’hydratation des sols fins. Génie civil. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0114⟩. ⟨tel-01921123⟩

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