Représentations de la guerre et conduite des opérations en 1914-1918 sur le front du nord et nord-est‎ : le rôle du haut commandement français

Abstract : During WW1, the events bring a severe denial to the previsions. Instead of the short war won by the sole Land forces in one or two battles, the opponents bogged down in a long and costly struggle, which the Allies won eventually in choking the German economy and by the mean of successive battles of attrition.This unexpected course of events raises questions about the representations of war prevailing at this time, about the way they influenced the operations and conversely about the role of the French High Command in those relations. Studying military operations under this point of view is all the more relevant that this topic remains little known and that war is an activity where the discrepancy between reality and representations is most important. This discrepancy increased dramatically within WW1. The question is therefore to know whether the difficult evolution of war representations, in a sense compliant with the efficient conduct of operations occurred despite the High Command, under the pressure of events, or if he did not eventually concur in this evolution. The main impression is that the High Command was constantly trailing behind and that only resounding failures and the resulting decisions of the political authority caused the replacements in the staff required to change the representations. In fact, those impressions are misleading as far as they are based on a confusion between French High Command and French General HQ (GQG), which was only a component of High Command. Often put aside by the GQG, the generals belonging to the high command contributed in the evolution of this situation, through some of them, even if they did it in bypassing hierarchy
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2016_0335_GUE.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02006371
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Submitted on : Monday, February 4, 2019 - 3:38:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 1:23:47 AM

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Christophe Gué. Représentations de la guerre et conduite des opérations en 1914-1918 sur le front du nord et nord-est‎ : le rôle du haut commandement français. Histoire. Université de lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0335⟩. ⟨tel-02006371⟩

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