Die Internationale Arbeitsorganisation (ILO) und die soziale Sicherheit in Europa (1942-1969)

Abstract : As well as in the Atlantic Charter (1941) as well as in the Beveridge Report (1942) an extension of the social security to the whole population had been requested with the end of the limitation to the sole workers. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) took over the majority of the ideas written down in the Beveridge Report at the International Labour Conference in Philadelphia (1944) and tried to make the governments sensitive to this problem by adopting the Recommandations n°67 and 69. After World War II, the ILO committed herself to a quick implementation of the principles of universality and extension to new risks but the European reconstruction did not allow her to play a leading role in this field. Nevertheless, she managed to conclude some internetional agreements at the begining of the 1950s, like the International Agreement concerning the social security for the Rhine boatmen or the European Social Security Convention for Migrant Workers. The creation of strong regional entities like the ESCC and the EEC, the national character of each social security system, the traditions' "weight", the influence of the East-West-conflict and the adhesion of a increasing number of Third World countries at the ILO lead to a quick decline of her role in the field of the European social security. No country was really interested in the harmonization of social norms. This is why the ILO had to satisfy herself with the Convention concerning Minimum Standards of Social Security (Convention n°102) and to give up the project of superior standards. But the ILO made the error to look upon the European regional organisations as competitors and not as allies. Another problem, wich was nearly insurmontable, was the lack of international vision by nearly all experts
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Cédric Guinand. Die Internationale Arbeitsorganisation (ILO) und die soziale Sicherheit in Europa (1942-1969). Philosophy. UPVM - Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2001. German. ⟨NNT : 2001METZ004L⟩. ⟨tel-02007455⟩

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