L'Arabie saoudite‎ : collectes et expositions de l'objet archéologique‎ : musées, territoires, identités

Abstract : What do the processes of collection and exhibition of pre-Islamic and Islamic objects bring to the definition of a specific relationship between Saudi Arabia and its archaeological objects? The objective is to describe the “conscious and systematic” Saudi conservation activities to understand how archaeological objects have come to embody pieces of the cradle of Islam’s “heritage”. To study the collection and exhibition of archaeological objects from a centred-object approach should allow the understanding of the recognition given to pre-Islamic and Islamic objects in Saudi Arabia. The thesis is organized in two parts. The first aims to introduce the collection process of archaeological objects in Ottoman and Saudi Arabia (1761-1981) as well as its impact on the recognition of archaeological objects transformed into national antiquities. A chronological track is privileged, from ethnographic scientific missions to epigraphic and archaeological ones conducted between 1761 and 1953 by foreigners, to the Saudi nationalization of archaeology along with the creation of a Department of Antiquities and Museums in 1963 and of a Department of Archaeology at the King Saud University in 1967, and the launch of a first five-year plan of archaeological excavations between 1976 and 1981. The second part presents the public exhibition process of these national antiquities. The chronological path followed in the first part is pursued to account for three exhibition contexts of these antiquities between 1978 and 2015: in regional museums, in the National Museum, and within temporary exhibitions abroad. The presentation of these exhibitions leads to the understanding of both the semiotic transformation of collected archaeological objects and the inner recognition of the pre-Islamic past of Saudi Arabia
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  • HAL Id : tel-02052506, version 1

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Virginie Cassola. L'Arabie saoudite‎ : collectes et expositions de l'objet archéologique‎ : musées, territoires, identités. Héritage culturel et muséologie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0286⟩. ⟨tel-02052506⟩

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