Une étude longitudinale de l’élaboration des projets des alternant-e-s dans deux formations du supérieur court : du renouveau des ambitions à l’anticipation des perspectives

Abstract : In industralised countries the duration of schooling stretches out, and more and more people have a high academic level. In a French context of high rates of unemployment and more particularly among young people, institutions promote the alternation as "the" solution (and more particularly the training through apprenticeship). The alternation would have virtues in terms of professionalisation and insertion in the field of employment by the logic of adequacy training-employment. However the population of the students on work-based training is not a faithful mirror of the composition of the young people in training on the national territory in terms of social mix, sex or origin. Among these young people, some-are choosing a sandwich training of higher education – the objective of which is fast insertion – with different fates : the market of employment or the pursuit of their training. In this context, our research is interested in the elaboration of the project of orientation and professional of the students on work-based training. The objective of this research is to understand the better dynamics of the processes during this period and their impact on the projects, and their realisation at the end of the training. In this context, our work is concretised by qualitative and longitudinal research with a focus on the relations between the environments, the behaviour and the person. The analysis shows that recruitment is a "forced" encounter between companies of different sizes and candidates with different purposes and origins (specialities, training paths, status). This encounter produces different effects throughout the training according to the biography of the individuals without upsetting the gender habitus of the world of work
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Ludovic Pinard. Une étude longitudinale de l’élaboration des projets des alternant-e-s dans deux formations du supérieur court : du renouveau des ambitions à l’anticipation des perspectives. Education. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0158⟩. ⟨tel-02071555⟩

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