Les marques modales dans les chats : étude sémiotique et pragmatique des émoticônes et des interjections dans un corpus de conversation synchrones en ligne

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to study subjectivity markers in an online chat corpus : interjections and emoticons. First, we will study the semiotic and pragmatic specificities of this type of online conversation ; then we will propose a semiotic and pragmatic approach of interjections and emoticons. We will show that, even if there are a few differences between those two types of signs ? interjections are definitely part of verbal language, whereas emoticons are iconic imitations of gestures and mimics ? they share numerous traits. The study of those signs will lead us to wonder about their semiotic status, from icon to index, but also about their pragmatic functions : how they allow to perform, to show instead of describing, how they allow the users to express their subjectivity regarding a propositional content, etc. We hope that this study will contribute to enlarge the knowledge we have of emoticons, but also the views researchers have on language and gestures / mimics, which, according to us, should be brought closer, and not further apart.
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Pierre Halté. Les marques modales dans les chats : étude sémiotique et pragmatique des émoticônes et des interjections dans un corpus de conversation synchrones en ligne. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0308⟩. ⟨tel-02074913⟩

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