Synthesis and biological evaluation of various heterocyclic compounds: Aurones from Coumarins and Chromones, Quinolines and Pyrimidines as DNMTi, Coumarins as potential NF-kB inhibitors

Abstract : Today, cancer is becoming a major public health problem with 12.7 million new cancer cases and 7.6 million cancer deaths registered in 2008. Although the number of people cured of cancer is increasing, people still die because of cancer. The reasons, besides an early and correct diagnosis, are the lack of effective treatments and the emergence of drug-resistant cancers. Therefore, researchers are interested in new approaches to develop potent and selective therapies to fight cancer. To start with, we developed a series of natural compound derivatives related to aurones. Aurones play an important role in the bright yellow pigmentation of some flowers and fruits exhibiting a strong and broad variety of biological activities. We combined the benzofuranone motif of the aurone with other coumarin and chromone motifs inspired by nature. These new compounds displayed spromising anticancer activity because they are able to block the cell cycle in K562 cancer cells and are able to induce apoptosis being an interesting scaffold for further development. Secondly, we focused on an epigenetic target. DNA methyltransferases are considered as an interesting target in Oncology. The use of specific inhibitors of DNMT (DNMTi) might reactivate tumor suppressor genes and induce the reprogramming of cancer cells, leading to their proliferation arrest and ultimately to their death. We improved the known compound SGI1027 through structure modification leading to novel non-nucleoside DNMT inhibitors, more potent and more selective than the lead compound. The anticancer activity of our quinoline and pyrimidine based compounds - tested in different cancer cell lines - suggests their use as possible potent and selective future cancer therapy. A third series of coumarin-based curcuminoid analogues were prepared and tested for their potential ability to modulate the TNF-alpha induced NF-kB pathway in K562 cancer cells. However we were not able to demonstrate the involvement of the targeted pathway so far. Complementary and deeper investigations need to be conducted in order to elicit deeper biological properties of these compounds with the possible involvement of different pathways
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Clemens Zwergel. Synthesis and biological evaluation of various heterocyclic compounds: Aurones from Coumarins and Chromones, Quinolines and Pyrimidines as DNMTi, Coumarins as potential NF-kB inhibitors. Chemical Sciences. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0276⟩. ⟨tel-02074957⟩

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