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La traduction de la métaphore en poésie : ses difficultés et son évaluation

Abstract : We undertake to study the metaphor translation carrying out corpora in three linguistics codes: English, Arabic and French different by their system and their linguistic use. To what extent the metaphor has it been translated without being disfigured? We analyse in a comparative study the metaphors translated from English into French of the poet Thomas Stearns Eliot by Pierre Leyris in The Waste Land, Ash Wednesday, and Ariel Poems putting the verse in the standard English. We also study Mahmoud Darwich metaphors translated From Arabic into French by Elias Sanbar in three poetry books: Why do you let the horse to loneliness? Don’t apologize and as an almond tree flowers or farther. However, our thesis is divided into three chapters: firstly, we rethink the metaphor by evaluating its definitions in language, traditional grammar, rhetoric and it redefines the metaphor features linguistically. Secondly, in order to solve the difficulties metaphor translation in poetry, we postulate reclassifying six metaphor rhetoric variations in two sets: common metaphor and particular one. Thirdly, it postulates many kinds of metaphor translation strategies. Translate the metaphor can be asked in the contrastive linguistic and traductological perspective explaining the translator difficulties. The sample, composed of 30 difficulties, shows that the translators Leyris and Sanbar share the same problems: the lexicon and semantic order, the lexicon inappropriate or the creation of a new lexical unit and the translation approach of the metaphor proves that the translators highlight three strategies: the translation by the same reference, the different reference and the conversion. In order to achieve the results, we ask this following question: common metaphor translation from English into French, would it be modeled?
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 21, 2019 - 9:58:17 AM
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Sara Ben Larbi. La traduction de la métaphore en poésie : ses difficultés et son évaluation. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0218⟩. ⟨tel-02074978⟩



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