Nanosondes multimodales pour guider la chirurgie des carcinomatoses péritonéales d'origine ovarienne

Abstract : Ovarian cancers have a low incidence but a high mortality rate, making them the fifth cause of death by cancer for female population. This high mortality rate is associated with the absence of symptom at the early stage of ovarian cancer, often delaying the diagnosis to advanced stages, mainly peritoneal carcinomatosis. At this stage, metastases have already invaded the abdominal cavity. The reference treatment combines a complete cytoreduction surgery and intravenous chemotherapy. During the cytoreduction, the surgeon must inspect the whole peritoneal surface, and remove all of all sizes, even sub-millimetric. Because of the difficulty to detect and to remove every cancerous tissue, cytoreduction is frequently incomplete, thus reducing the recovery rate. To guide the surgeon and to increase the percentage of complete cytoreduction, fluorescent probes have been developed to target tumors specifically. Despite encouraging results, these probes suffer from many limitations such as low brightness, weak stability and cumbersome modularity. In this context, nanoparticles, that are able to outpass these limitations, have generated a growing interest. Among these nanoparticles, semiconductor nanocristals, called quantum dots, display an exceptional brightness. We investigated these quantum dots, associated with folate, a reference targeting agent for ovarian cancers. Firstly investigated on in vitro cellular and tumor model, folate targeted nanoparticles show encouraging imaging capabilities. These capabilites were also experimented on peritoneal carcinomatosis murine model. Finally, the main obstacle to quantum dot clinical application remains their bioaccumulation, therefore, different alternatives were explored to achieve excretion
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Tristan Mangeolle. Nanosondes multimodales pour guider la chirurgie des carcinomatoses péritonéales d'origine ovarienne. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0280⟩. ⟨tel-02095582⟩

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