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Self-assembly of dipolar particles

Abstract : This thesis covers the self-assembly of dipolar (magnetic/dielectric) particles. These systems are abundant in condensed matter physics (magnetic molecules and nanoparticles, magnetic colloidal particles, magnetotactic bacteria, etc). They also represent a fundamental challenge owing to the both long range and anisotropic nature of the pair interaction. The main objective of this research work is to predict the microstructures of these systems by properly handling the intricate dipole-dipole interaction combined with steric and possibly confinement effects. Understanding and revisiting the interaction of dipolar filaments such as needles or chains made up of dipolar beads is a first important achievement in this thesis. Indeed, the chains are the fundamental building blocks of many dipolar systems especially under applied external magnetic field. Then, the columnar aggregation of dipolar chains is investigated which naturally leads to the study of the bulk dipolar crystals. A new phase is discovered there. The more generic case of helical chains is discussed by considering limiting situations such as straight linear chains and zigzag chains. The association of dipolar chains in two-dimensions forms ribbons then a monolayer with triangular lattice symmetry. The interesting response of such a layer to an imposed perpendicular magnetic is addressed as well. It is demonstrated that rhombicity can be induced that way. Finally, sedimenting paramagnetic particles in a tilted monolayer in presence of a magnetic field are investigated by experiments, theory and simulations. The gravity-mediated ordering is found to be a promising route to elaborate tailored two-dimensional patterns
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Submitted on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 3:08:31 PM
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Ludovic Spiteri. Self-assembly of dipolar particles. Physics [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0261⟩. ⟨tel-02104452⟩



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