Étude expérimentale de la mise en place des structures de solidification dans les lingots d'acier

Abstract : Improving the solidification of large industrial steel ingots remains a scientific challenge. During casting chemical heterogeneities (macrosegregation), sometimes in the scale of meters, can arise. Solid grain motion is one phenomena responsible for macrosegregation. Inoculation allows the number, size and morphology of these grains to be modified through additions to the liquid metal. In this work 42CrMo4 and 34Cr4 grade steel ingots of several sizes were modified with potential inoculants. Characterization techniques (2D and 3D) were developed to compare dendritic solidification structures before and after inoculation. The first series of small ingots (50 g) showed grain refinement for powder additions with a low lattice misfit between the inoculant and solidifying melt, and a coarsening effect when ferrocerium was added. The best inoculant candidates (TiN, CeO2, Si3N4 powders and cerium ferroalloy) were tested in medium sized ingots, after which the cerium addition was tested with a 6,2 t industrial ingot. Cerium is responsible for coarsening the grain size in all sizes of cast ingots investigated. This is likely due to a modification of the solid/liquid and liquid/mold interfacial energy along with the replacement of existing sites with cerium inclusions which are not active during nucleation.
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Marvin Gennesson. Étude expérimentale de la mise en place des structures de solidification dans les lingots d'acier. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0278⟩. ⟨tel-02106558⟩

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