Conception d’un micro-cogénérateur aux granulés de bois

Abstract : As part of the AGATCO ANR project (Turbine Advance GAz for cogeneration), which began at the end of 2012, the design of a micro-cogeneration generating 1.5 kW of electricity and 10 kW of heat was started and presented in this manuscript. Based on the technology of an externally fired gas turbine, this micro-CHP uses the combustion of pellets coupled to a heat exchanger and a micro-turbine. This technology requires the design of a new fireplace (burner and combustion chamber) suitable to produce fumes at high temperatures (1200°C). The challenge is significant because the desired smoke flow is important (27 g/s) and the fuel power is low (15 kW). Two solutions are proposed to solve the problem, the first uses fresh air at ambient temperature and the second uses recycled hot fumes. The high temperature of the fumes makes it possible to obtain a turbine inlet temperature of 1100°C after the transfer of heat into the exchanger. Experimental and numerical simulation characterization of the exchanger makes it possible to verify its performances. The micro-turbine uses a new technology using channel instead of blades allowing it to have small dimensions for the desired performance. The work carried out made it possible to highlight several results: the realization of the high temperature combustion in very unfavorable conditions, the very interesting performances of the heat exchanger while proposing improvements to optimize the exchanges and the improvements to be brought to the turbine
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Gaëtan Riviere. Conception d’un micro-cogénérateur aux granulés de bois. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0321⟩. ⟨tel-02130696⟩

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