Effets de l’inflammation viscérale dans deux modèles de stéatohépatite non alcoolique (NASH) induite par la programmation foetale ou la carence en donneurs de méthyles

Abstract : Deficiency of methyl donors (folic acid and vitamin B12) (MDD) during pregnancy and lactation produces non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in animals fed high fat (HE) diet, despite histological and metabolic normalization by a normal diet between weaning (J21) and puberty (J50). The microbiota can trigger inflammation by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) by inadaptation of Toll-like receptor activation 4 (TLR4). Our basic assumption is that MDD, HE diet, microbiota LPS and intestinal inflammation (Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) model) as triggers and innate immunity as a modulator are part of the same scenario leading to NASH. Deficient rats (MDD), whether or not exposed to the high-fat diet in adulthood (HE) and whether or not exposed to two inducers of local and systemic inflammation, DSS (intestinal inflammation) or LPS (systemic effects intestinal inflammation) were studied. We did not observe alterations in innate immunity (TLR4) in the MDD/DSS, MDD/HE and MDD/HE/LPS groups. Inflammation observed in the intestines in MDD/DSS rats is also observed in the liver, with steatosis and activation of the inflammasome and chemokine MCP-1 and IL-1beta. Surprisingly, this systemic effect does not involve the TLR4 pathway and its ligand LPS even when the rats were exposed to LPS directly at the peritoneal level. Our study conclude that NASH favored by the systemic effects of Intestinal inflammation is mediated by MCP-1/IL-1β, but not by activation of TLR4 by translocation of LPS. Since innate immunity is not involved even by the direct injection of LPS, the respective and synergistic effects of MDD diet, HE diet and LPS remain to be decribed thereafter.
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Zeinab Harb. Effets de l’inflammation viscérale dans deux modèles de stéatohépatite non alcoolique (NASH) induite par la programmation foetale ou la carence en donneurs de méthyles. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0027⟩. ⟨tel-02136918⟩

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