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Transferts culturels et gastronomie : les relations entre la France et le Maroc de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’à nos jours

Abstract : At a time when political debates are crystallizing around multiculturalism, fear of globalization and furthermore the recent arrival of migrants in a Europe which is developing a withdrawal into itself, it seems important to restore some historical depth to the exchanges between the various shores of the Mediterranean area. Food as an object of analysis shows how different countries have so much culturally influenced one another that it is difficult today to determine exactly from where does a recipe comes. However, there is still resistance to certain cultural traits of “the Other” and this is reflected in one’s eating habits. This research studies the gastronomic relations between France and Morocco using the cultural transfer paradigm that shows how recipes could or couldn’t cross borders (in the cultural and geographical meaning) and why. Three context typologies have been defined. Colonization causes one of the great "meetings" that have marked the two societies until today given that in a colonial context food is in the center of power relations. The second factor of the "encounter" between those two societies is the the context of international migration. Migrants and immigrants have a role in cultural gastronomic transfers between their origin country and France, especially because it is chosen by many Moroccan migrants to settle in France by opening restaurants. The migrant has a role of innovator in gastronomic matters while we also see evolving the French and European companies practices towards this migration. Briefly, through eating practices, notions of integration, assimilation and acculturation are re-examined. Finally, the research concludes with an overall vision of globalization and Morocco's political will to use its gastronomic resources to position itself on the international stage
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Submitted on : Friday, January 17, 2020 - 12:36:26 PM
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Caquel Marie. Transferts culturels et gastronomie : les relations entre la France et le Maroc de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’à nos jours. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0306⟩. ⟨tel-02140459⟩



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