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Nanoparticules photosensibles pour un traitement anticancéreux plus efficace

Abstract : This work was focused on the development of light-sensitive nanoparticles (NPs) based on a photodegradable poly(o-nitrobenzyl acrylate) core(PNBA, hydrophobic and biocompatible polymer) and a dextran derivative shell (dextran is a biodegradable and hydrophilic bacterial polysaccharide). Firstly, PNBA-N3 was synthesized by i) Single-Electron Transfer Living Radical Polymerization (SET-LRP) of o-nitrobenzyl acrylate then ii) introduction of one azide end-function. In the same time, DexAlkyne-15 carrying several alkyne groups was produced by hydrophobization of dextran. Such DexAlkyne-15 and PNBA-N3 can react by CuAAC (Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition) click chemistry leading to Dex-g-PNBA glycopolymers with various macromolecular parameters. Secondly, NPs were produced by comparing two processes then characterized in terms of size, dextran amount, shell thickness and colloidal stability in NaCl or cell culture media, or in presence of one strong surfactant. On one hand, NPs were made by nanoprecipitation of Dex-g-PNBA exhibiting high PNBA weight fractions (>40 %). On the other hand, NPs were produced by emulsion-evaporation of the organic solvent using DexAlkyne-15 as water-soluble surfactant and PNBA-N3 as hydrophobic materials. In this case, in situ CuAAC occurred (or not) at the liquid/liquid interface during the NPs formulation, leading to “clicked” and “not-clicked” NPs. Finally, NPs disruption was studied by UV irradiation according the PNBA chains photolysis. To use such NPs as smart drug delivery systems, Doxorubicin (DOX - an anticancer agent), was loaded inside the NPs during their elaboration. The experimental conditions were optimized to enhance the DOX encapsulation. The kinetics release of encapsulated DOX were studied by diffusion or under UV irradiation. Finally, the biological potential of these NPs was estimated towards Caco-2 (continuous line of heterogeneous human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cells). After checking the NPs biocompatibility and theCaco-2 strength under UV irradiation, we proved that such loaded NPs can release enough DOX under 30 second irradiation (power: 54mW/cm2) to decrease the Caco-2 viability about more than 50%.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 8:58:46 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02141623, version 1


Meriem El Founi. Nanoparticules photosensibles pour un traitement anticancéreux plus efficace. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0325⟩. ⟨tel-02141623⟩



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