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Du corps transgressif au corps subversif : corporéités dissidentes dans l'œuvre de Pierre Molinier

Abstract : Pierre Molinier's (1900-1976) art is fundamentally transgressive, regarding as much the process he elaborates as the topics he addresses. The artist's experiments are built on a complex network of influences, and we will explore how some of its nodal points - such as fetishism - are metaphorized in his photographic and pictorial techniques. This thesis deals with an understanding of how the images and the discourses they produce nowa-days appear to us as a proto-queer idea of identity, embodiment and sexualities. Furthermore, our research interrogates the perception of his works and their contextualization. Our analysis methodology is quite similar to the one that William F. Edmiston develops in Sade Queer Theorist, and is based on a deep look inside of the works and texts taken out of the artist's mail. Our thesis is articulated in two parts, looking alike the artist's creative process. The first part aims to develop the analysis of an outgrowth beyond the artist's body. Masks and prostheses are employed as body modification tools and participate in expressing a kind of authenticity in trickery. The creatures that Molinier builds based on his own photographs point out the path from multiplicity to unity and offer us to look at dissenting anatomies. The second part answers to the first and matches a movement of contraction. On the one side, the artist's relationship with the other is established on an absorp-tion mode, he understands the bodies ductile nature and uses them as creation materials. On the other side, auto- erotical experimentations take a firsthand place in the molinian paradigm, which reclaim the visual vo-cabulary of BDSM. In Molinier’s work, the body is shown as a creative materiality, on which the artist-alchemist builds in order to give birth to hybrid creatures, that embody his ideal of identity and sexualities fluidity. Pierre Molinier disrupts binaries and normativity, through both his auto-erotical practices and their mode of representation. Developing a language of the intimacy and the body, he redesigns their form and functions, combining masquerade and transgression, toward new embodiments
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 3, 2019 - 3:05:33 PM
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Mélodie Marull. Du corps transgressif au corps subversif : corporéités dissidentes dans l'œuvre de Pierre Molinier. Art et histoire de l'art. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0338⟩. ⟨tel-02304799⟩



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