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Theses

Pré-retraite et vie associative

Abstract : For more than a decade, since 1972 exactly, various schemes relatif to the early-retirement have been settled in the content of industrial crisis and technological transfers. In Lorraine the early-retirements are numerous more than 60 000, because of the new structure in the metallurgy of iron : the early-retirement begins at the age of 50 and it is imposed. The early-retirement disbanding sends back to the process of marginalisation which produces a feeling of uselessness, of valueless and prematured oldness. It also disorders profoundly the counterbalance as to the social identity and the daily life. The birth of specific early-retirement associations (thirty in Lorraine) transtates the denial of their assimilation with the pensionners and elders. It seems as a kind of collectif response to the individual problems. The associations of information and defense of their interests answers to the anguish provoked by the precarity and the fragility of status (Cf. The lack of a specific juridical and independant status) and is considerad as an assertment of the social existance of the group. The associations of well-disposed (and unpaid) workers denounces the equation elderly workers = useless workers, refusing the negation of knowledge and professionalism and they answers to the exclusion from the economical sphere. The associations of cultural animation lessen the risk of "anomy" by creating new environment of sociability. This, these three types of associations palliate the failure of the established institutions (the state, the entreprises, the unions and the retirement offices). Besides satisfying the individual needs and various social functions (reduction of risks, integration and communication network) they allow new solidarity ways (with elderly, youth, the economical and local associations) and sketche new collectif values, for instance the contribution to the social-life. They also legitimate some rights that society tends to put off, such the right to work. The early-retirement thus appears as a real social problem.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1987_0020_LEGRAND_MONIQUE.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02321365
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Submitted on : Monday, October 21, 2019 - 10:35:55 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 1:33:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02321365, version 1

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Monique Legrand. Pré-retraite et vie associative. Sociologie. Université Nancy 2, 1987. Français. ⟨NNT : 1987NAN21020⟩. ⟨tel-02321365⟩

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