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Conception of chemical structured surfaces for the study of the bacterial adhesion and the controlled development of bacterial biofilms

Abstract : Biofilm formation by pathogenic bacteria brings concerns, particularly in food and medical sectors, and is associated with high sanitary risks and economic losses. Biofilms of probiotic bacteria can potentially be used to prevent the surface contamination by pathogenic species. This work was focused on the investigation of the development of biofilms of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and the possible control of their formation by combining surface functionalisation and physico-chemical approaches. The effect of different environmental conditions on the kinetics of the biofilm growth and on its biochemical composition was analysed by in situ and real time measurements with infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection mode (ATR-FTIR) under flow conditions. These data were complemented by epifluorescence images providing information on the surface distribution and the shape of the bacterial cells at specific stages of the biofilm development. Compatible with ATR-FTIR measurements, a zinc selenide (ZnSe) crystal was chosen as a substrate, bare or functionalised with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). SAMs were formed from alkanethiols terminated by methyl (-CH3), hydroxyl (-OH) or amine (-NH2) groups to obtain hydrophobic, hydrophilic and positively charged substrates, respectively. The kinetics of self-assembly of the alkanethiols onto ZnSe, the organisation of the molecules, their areal density and the surface energy of thus obtained surfaces were studied preliminarily to the biofilm cultivation by means of ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, high energy Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, and contact angle measurements. The analysis of the ATR-FTIR spectra of LGG biofilms recorded in situ and in real time during 24 hours revealed an important role of the nutritive medium in the biosynthesis of nucleic acids, phospholipids, polysaccharides and lactic acid. Substrate properties had low impact on the biochemical composition of LGG biofilms, but had a critical role in the strength of attachment of cultivated biofilms. The findings of this multidisciplinary work provide a fundamental understanding of how the direct environment, including a support surface, influences the properties of bacterial biofilms at the molecular and cellular scales, based on which favourable conditions for the enhancement of probiotic biofilm growth and its mechanical stability can be chosen.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 22, 2020 - 3:16:12 PM
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Elena Yunda. Conception of chemical structured surfaces for the study of the bacterial adhesion and the controlled development of bacterial biofilms. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université de Lorraine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0087⟩. ⟨tel-02351171⟩



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