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Les soldats marocains face à la violence : 40 ans d’expérience dans l’Armée française (1914-1954)

Abstract : The confrontation of the Moroccan soldiers with violence is a phenomenon that inscribes itself in the time. It took many forms as Moroccan soldiers fought under the French flag, and issues related to war trauma became a real social issue quite recently. From this point of view, Moroccan soldiers under French rule (protectorate) offer a field of investigation hitherto little treated in Morocco and France. However, from 1914 to 1954, these Moroccan soldiers, particularly present in Indochina, suffered from the consequences of the experience of war violence on their psyche. We sought to interpret their behaviour.To understand the tensions experienced in Indochina by the Moroccan fighters, it was necessary to first, locate the fighter in his socio-cultural situation and in the series of military experiences lived before the Indochina war (Great War and World War II) based on archival sources (military, diplomatic, medical) and the evaluation of psychiatric and medical approaches of the time. For post-1945, work is enriched by a triple collection (testimonials, life stories, and post-traumatic semiology) with some veterans. Thus, the psychological impact linked to wartime violence over forty years of experience in the African army (1914-1954) could be identified in a new way.All that pertains to psychological or psychiatric pathologies, especially during the Indochina war, was analysed and allowed to re-evaluate the tracks followed by these soldiers, who go as far as desertion and the passage to the Vietnamese enemy or murderous or suicidal feats of madness, and to enlighten the relation to politics of these men caught between causes which were not theirs. In the case of Indochina, some of them experienced this war as the experience of a place of ideological affirmations. The exile of King Mohamed V sometimes led them to join the Indochinese resistance. Other soldiers, taken prisoner by the Viet-Minh, were upset by the experience of captivity.This thesis emphasises the relation to the commitment in the colonial army, the relation to the violence suffered and given, and offers an interpretation of the observed behaviours, which shows the discontinuous functioning of the relation with the religious, the impact of the traumas on the ability to remembrance and weaving of social relationships after wars. This sheds new light on the available archive sources of these Moroccan soldiers of the Army of Africa and the way the violence has weighed on them. This research suggests that sidelining this dimension in the decades following the protectorate era has produced an erosion that has partially distorted the perception of the story of these fighters
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 2:03:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02400231, version 1


Aziza Doudou. Les soldats marocains face à la violence : 40 ans d’expérience dans l’Armée française (1914-1954). Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0340⟩. ⟨tel-02400231⟩



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