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Development of Analytical Techniques for the Investigation of an Organic Redox Flow Battery using a Segmented Cell

Abstract : Redox Flow Batteries (RFBs) are a promising solution for large-scale and low-cost energy storage necessary to foster the use of intermittent renewable sources. This work investigates a novel RFB chemistry under development at the company Kemiwatt. Based on abundant organic/organo-metallic compounds, this new technology promises the deployment of sustainable and long-lived systems. The study undertakes the building of a thorough knowledge base of the system by developing innovative reliable analytical tools. The investigation started from the evaluation of the main factors influencing the battery performance, which could be conducted ex-situ on each material composing the cell. The two electrolytes were then examined independently under representative operating conditions, by building a symmetric flow cell. Cycling coupled with EIS measurements were performed in this set-up and then analyzed with a porous electrode model. This combined modeling-experimental approach revealed unlike limiting processes in each electrolyte along with precautions to take in the subsequent steps (such as membrane pretreatment and electrolyte protection from light). A segmented cell was built and validated to extend the study to the full cell system. It provided a mapping of the internal currents, which showed high irregularity during cycling. A thorough parameter study could be conducted with the segmented platform, by varying successively the current density, the flow rate, and the temperature. The outcome of this set of experiments would be the construction of an operational map that guides the flow rate adjustment, depending on the power load and the state of charge of the battery. This strategy of flow rate optimization showed promising outcomes at the lab-cell level. It can be easily adapted to real-size systems. Ultimately, an overview of the hydrodynamic behavior at the industrial-cell level was completed by developing a hydraulic modeling and a clear cell as an efficient diagnostic tool.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 3:01:06 PM
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Mathilde Cazot. Development of Analytical Techniques for the Investigation of an Organic Redox Flow Battery using a Segmented Cell. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0116⟩. ⟨tel-02460625⟩



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