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Le spectacle du sexe : l’évolution de la consommation du film pornographique des années 1990 à nos jours et ses enjeux esthétiques et sociaux

Abstract : This thesis focuses on pornographic films’ consumption from 1990s to the present day, and how it may have affected viewers general sensitivity and impacted ordinary film artists fascination for sex show. The exponential increase in the number of accessible pornographic films to the public (including professional production of feature films and amateur production of short sequences) and the generalisation of their consumption via new technologies in particular, which nonetheless, comply with precise rules (part 1). As we moved from cinema viewing to the living room one, the subversive and shocking charge of pornographic film transformed itself without diminishing. The visibility of pornographic films consumption is parallelly accompanied by sex show public invisibility. Indeed, sex spectacle has mainly become a private matter. It takes seriously the film's ability to act on the viewer and the need for the latter, given its disturbing nature and the guilty pleasure it induces, to control, tame and domesticate it. Society adaptation to sex spectators self-respect got materialised through legislation and education adaptation, which includes a reconsideration and massive shift in “"X films" censorship and new awareness toward minors protection (part 3), and the consideration by classical film artists of sex games in art games (part 2). More generally, the study questions the transformation of spectators' sensitivity, whether they are amateurs of the genre, indifferent or opposed to it. The observation of a normalization of pornographic film is not understood as a moral trivialization of "film X" but as a shift in the focus on the spectacle of sex and its uses. Guilt transfer from public gaze to self-awareness is hence, neutralized by the domestication of pornographic film. It allows lovers of the genre to move from mechanical sexual excitement to mastering body games and sexual pleasure techniques (part 3).
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Lionel Renaud. Le spectacle du sexe : l’évolution de la consommation du film pornographique des années 1990 à nos jours et ses enjeux esthétiques et sociaux. Art et histoire de l'art. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0118⟩. ⟨tel-02462735⟩

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