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Caractérisation des propriétés thermophysiques de mousses céramiques à haute température

Abstract : Since the end of the twentieth century, research and development has increasingly focused on the use of solid ceramic foams for a myriad of high-temperature applications because of their advantageous thermal, mechanical, chemical or optical properties. In a global energy context that is tending to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions, they appear to be a promising solution due to their ability to absorb, recover and convert a large radiative flux. In particular, they are the subject of growing interest in the field of solar thermal energy, while LEMTA is interested in these materials as a recover of fatal heat present in high-temperature industrial processes (glassware, cement, metallurgy, etc.). However, some studies have shown that improving current and future systems requires a better understanding of the relationship between the structural/thermal/optical properties associated with these heterogeneous media (geometry, porosity, pore diameter, conductivity, emissivity, etc.) and heat transfers. The objectives of this work are to provide relevant modelling and characterization tools that allow the description of conductive, convective (forced) and radiative heat transfers. Three characterization methods are studied and detailed in this manuscript. 1. In the case of conductive and radiative transfer, the main difficulty lies in the ability to separate the contribution of each heat transfer mode. In order to exceed these limits, a transitional method based on the principle of the flash method was used. The ceramic foam, placed between two ceramic soleplates and in the centre of a tubular furnace, is thermally excited while the thermal elevation is measured on the side opposite the latter. In parallel, a direct model resolving the Energy Balance Equation by the Finite Volume Method while the Radiative Transfer Equation by an optimized reciprocal Monte Carlo method was implemented. The latter method allows, while maintaining reasonable calculation time, to solve radiation transfers more generally than the method usually used. A simultaneous identification of equivalent phononic conductivity and optical thickness was performed on a wide variety of structured and stochastic foams composed of SiC or SiSiC up to 800 °C. Compared to simplified models such as Rosseland's, this study provides a better understanding of the validity of the diffusion approximation and guides the choice of modeling and parameters to be used. 2. Another difficulty lies in the ability to numerically solve a coupled problem directly on the 3D heterogeneous geometry of the porous medium. A Monte Carlo method allowing the resolution of both transfer modes in a single algorithm has been employed. The flash method was performed thanks to the latter in a entirely numerical manner. It allows the solution to be obtained quickly with the increase in radiation transfer. The proposed procedure allowed the identification of the equivalent properties of structured foams (Kelvin's cells). 3. A method for characterizing axial and radial thermal dispersion coefficients has been implemented. the experimental bench is composed of 5 sections of 20 cm SiC foams separated by flanges for temperature measurement. A hot air flow is applied to the porous medium at equilibrium with the ambient temperature. In parallel, a one-temperature model allows a 2D axisymmetric and multilayer resolution of the thermal problem. The application of an inversion algorithm allows the estimation of the two coefficients for different flow rates.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 9:17:52 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02499502, version 1



Morgan Sans. Caractérisation des propriétés thermophysiques de mousses céramiques à haute température. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0192⟩. ⟨tel-02499502⟩



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