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Auteurs, compilateurs, administrateurs, les moines de Saint-Albans et le pouvoir, années 1350-années 1440

Abstract : This work studies the links between politics and religion in St. Albans Abbey (England) : the intellectual productions of the scriptorium of this Benedictine monastery are discussed in connexion with the way political power and contemporary debates were represented and examined. This work starts with a survey of the links which existed between the monastic community, those involved in politics, and the institutions of the realm. Monks were involved in many different ways in the government of the realm. These activities, the importance of the monastery – place of devotion situated on a major road – explain that monks are to be found in multiscale networks : monks and laic officers were acquainted to local county officers and to nobility. These personal, institutional and sometimes commercial links help us explain some of their opinions about courts and politics. The analysis of the intellectual productions of the St Albans monks is the occasion to understand how one topic – power – is perceived by men whose life experience were different, whereas all had undertaken the same vows in front of God and the rest of the community of St Albans. Hence, representation of political life and contemporary debates by the monks in chronicles is studied and compared to the reflexion on the nature and the limits of royal power in treatises. These reflexions were nourished by various crises, including parliamentary crises, where old debates about the exercise of power were revived. Some of these ideas about the links between temporal and spiritual powers were put on a new light by the proposition of the theologian John Wyclif, Lollards, and also by the new promulgation of statutes intended to limit papal intervention in the English realm. These questions are the subject of a more theoretical part of the study, where I analyse how monks wrote for both kings and popes, depending on the circumstances, but most of all for their own community, in a time when many discussions focused on monastic endowment. This works is an intent to put religious problematics at the heart of our approach to medieval political culture, taking the point of view of men at the crossroad between politics and religion, in a time when the line between political power and spiritual powers was contested.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 19, 2020 - 4:23:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02512421, version 1



Élisa Mantienne. Auteurs, compilateurs, administrateurs, les moines de Saint-Albans et le pouvoir, années 1350-années 1440. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0231⟩. ⟨tel-02512421⟩



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