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Le conflit syrien au regard du droit international : quelles évolutions en matière de maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales ?

Abstract : The Syrian conflict is unprecedent. It involves several forms of threat to international peace and security. It is the question of the type of the threat to international peace and security and the answer that the international community can be provided to it. In this regard, international peacekeeping law provides a series of legal mechanisms applicable to armed conflict. However, using of these mecanisms show some legal advances in the area of conflict. Despite, some legal advances in the area of peacekeeping law, there are still legal gaps for examination of these mechanisms. In order to find an effective response, several international organizations have been involved in this conflict : the United Nations, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Organization of Chemical Weapons, the League of Arabe States and the EU. The effectiveness of the measures taken by these organizations is a major challenge. The actions taken by these organizations show the evolution of the law of peacekeeping. At this point, the UN-OPCW joint mission in the framework of the dismantling of Syrian chemical weapons is a good example of the evolution in international community of peace and security. Yet the actions of the other international organizations such as the League of Arabe States or the International Atomic Energy Agency have not contributed to the resolution of the conflict. Indeed, the intrinsic legal shortcomings of the UN Charter and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons are causing difficulties for an effective response on the part of these two organizations. Due to the involvement of many States in the Syrian conflict, many regional repercussions should be considered. On this point, several legal challenges have arisen, such as cyberwarfare, the destruction of historical heritages, the question of the recognition of the Kurdish people and the fight against terrorism. In this content, the involvement of the Security Council gives a new vision of its responsibility as guardian of international peace and security. In the face of these new challenges, the Security Council resolutions show an evolution of international peacekeeping law ; However the difficulties associated with these developments are not able to resolve complex conflicts such as the Syrian conflict.
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Mohsen Babaeizadeh Balmeri. Le conflit syrien au regard du droit international : quelles évolutions en matière de maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales ?. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0208⟩. ⟨tel-02512440⟩

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