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Arc fault detection with machine learning

Abstract : The detection of electric arcs occurring in an electrical network by machine learning approaches represents the heart of the work presented in this thesis. The problem was first considered as a classification of fixed-size time series with two classes: normal and default. This first part is based on the work of the literature where the detection algorithms are organized mainly on a step of the transformation of the signals acquired on the network, followed by a step of extraction of descriptive characteristics and finally a step of decision. The multi-criteria approach adopted here aims to respond to systematic classification errors. A methodology for selecting the best combinations, transformation, and descriptors has been proposed by using learning solutions. As the development of relevant descriptors is always difficult, differents solutions offered by deep learning has also been studied. In a second phase, the study focused on the variable aspects in time of the fault detection. Two statistical decision paths have been explored, one based on the sequential probabilistic test (SPRT) and the other based on artificial neural networks LSTM (Long Short Time Memory Network). Each of these two methods exploits in its way the duration a first classification step between 0 and 1 (normal, default). The decision by SPRT uses an integration of the initial classification. LSTM learns to classify data with variable time. The results of the LSTM network are very promising, but there are a few things to explore. All of this work is based on experiments with the most complete and broadest possible data on the field of 230V alternative networks in a domestic and industrial context. The accuracy obtained is close to 100% in the majority of situations.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02516761
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  • HAL Id : tel-02516761, version 1

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Hien Duc Vu. Arc fault detection with machine learning. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0152⟩. ⟨tel-02516761⟩

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