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Development of industrial adhesives based on bio-materials and melamine without formaldehyde

Abstract : In this research, there are two main parts works, first is based on melamine glyoxal resin without formaldehyde used, and the modification of it use for wood industry adhesives. The other part is the preparation of environmentally friendly adhesives and non-isocyanate polyurethane(NIPU) from biomass-based (sugar, protein, tannin, etc.). Wood composites such as plywood and particleboard were used for easuring the performance of adhesives, and more possibilities applications of them such as coating and foams were tried also. 13C-NMR, Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR), Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF), thermomechanical analysis(TMA), Differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) and other instruments help to analyze structures and thermodynamic properties of adhesives. The descriptions of specific works are as follows: 1) Synthetic melamine-glyoxal resin without use toxic formaldehyde and a suitable hardener was found for it. By the modification of glutaraldehyde, a melamine-glyoxal-glutaraldehyde(MGG') resin with good performance was prepared and used for plywood production, which can replace the industrial Urea-formaldehyde resin wood adhesive. In addition, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural as a chemical reagent derived from biomass material was also used to modify MG resin to improve its bonding performance and water resistance. 2) The biomass material furfuryl alcohol was used to react with aldehydes (formaldehyde, glyoxal, glutaraldehyde) to prepare plywood adhesives. Among them, furfuryl alcohol-glyoxal(FAG) resin, which was reacted with a non-toxic glyoxal, and with a good bonding propertiesis. It’s as an environmentally friendly adhesive for wood bongding. The effect of different acidity of curing agents on bonding performance has also been explored, a self-neutralizing hardener is synthesized and used. 3) Proteins, tannins were used to prepare bio-based environmentally friendly wood adhesives, and improved the bonding properties and water resistance by the addition of crosslinking agents (furfuryl alcohol-glyoxal resins, epoxy resins, polyethyleneimine, etc.). 4) Biomass materials such as monosaccharide and disaccharide were used to synthesize non-isocyanate polyurethane(NIPU), and used for plywood or particleboard to obtain bio-based NIPU adhesives with excellent performance. The effect of several crosslinkers on the curing temperature and bonding properties of NIPU was also studied. Research on more application about NIPU have also been conducted, for example, coating and rigid foams.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02517520, version 1

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Xuedong Xi. Development of industrial adhesives based on bio-materials and melamine without formaldehyde. Material chemistry. Université de Lorraine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0171⟩. ⟨tel-02517520⟩

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