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Lexique et compétence lexicale dans le domaine de l’enseignement du FLE : enjeux fonctionnels et propositions didactiques

Abstract : The thesis is part of teaching French as a Foreign Language (FLE) and more specifically that of the lexicon. Given the open, multiple and complex nature of the lexical units, we sought to define this area of competence on the one hand by relying on the confrontation of methodological models and didactic materials, and on the other hand by circumscribing a field of 'application. The goal is to arrive at didactical propositions that are in line with the teaching and learning objectives of the lexicon in French as a foreign language and which are inspired by the theoretical descriptions of the lexical system which seemed to us the most productive. The thesis has three parts of unequal importance. The first is a historical review of the main methodologies of FLE. We start from the notion of eclecticism and constitutive heterogeneity, borrowed from C. Puren (1988), to emphasize the variety and complexity of the teaching practices themselves as well as the psychological and linguistic theories underlying them. From this first panorama emerge the founding works of Gougenheim (1967) and Galisson (1979) for their respective contributions on the effective vocabulary in ordinary situations (Gougenheim)and its cultural determinations (Galisson). Parallel to this work, the communicative approach of FLE teaching arose with the Threshold Level (1976) developed within the framework of CREDIF by the team of a specialist in verbal interactions, E. Roulet. We conclude this methodological framework by comparing different FFL textbooks, chosen for their exemplary of this or that current. The vocabulary activities have been the thread of our observations of these manuals. The second part is devoted to the contributions of linguistics in the description of the lexicon. Two central notions guided our work: the notion of construction and phraseological uses. The concept of construction is used here with two distinct meanings: the first refers to the “construction of the lexicon” and the words “built”, and we have considered it by favoring the derivation operations. The analyzes of D. Apothéloz (2002, 2005) have been invaluable. The second meaning of construction brings us closer to phraseology: it is the meaning that combines syntax and semantics. It was I. Novakova (2015), C. Cavalla & V. Labre (2009), I. Gonzalez Rey (2002; 2014) and D. Legallois (2014) who inspired us mainly. In order to narrow our point and to avoid the pitfall of theoretical generalities, we took the side of a lexical thematic. This is what we call "business transaction situations" and we prefer more closed choices such as "market" or "buy a plane ticket". Finally, our thesis closes, in its third part, on didactic propositions where we privilege the communication exchanges and the speeches of the everyday life (the publicity). We present classroom activities that remain to be expanded and expanded before being tested. In addition to these activities, we question the practical interest of a teacher in compiling his collection of documents and conclude on the notion of learning threshold valid for lexical competence
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Raha Bidarmaghz. Lexique et compétence lexicale dans le domaine de l’enseignement du FLE : enjeux fonctionnels et propositions didactiques. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0249⟩. ⟨tel-02518269⟩



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