Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Développement d’un capteur spectrophotométrique pour la mesure en temps réel des expositions professionnelles à l’ozone

Abstract : Ozone causes headaches, eye burns and lung damage and serious respiratory diseases such as asthma. Ozone is emitted into the atmosphere of workplaces in various sectors, including printing, water treatment, arc welding, and plastics processing. Exposure of workers to concentrations exceeding national and european ozone occupational exposure limit values (OELs), set at 100 ppbv over 8 hours and 200 ppbv over 15 minutes, may cause severe health alterations. Currently, the determination of ozone concentrations is carried out by using colorimetric tubes, providing spot measurements, or by using commercial sensors. Some studies were carried out on electrochemical cells or semiconductors based sensors and more rarely on optical sensors. The detection limit of these sensors is compatible with ozone OELs, but they are fragile and not selective. There is currently no reliable and robust reference method for the assessment of occupational exposures to ozone. The objective of this study is the development of a real-time ozone measurement method, which is characterized by a stable signal under air, high sensitivity, and selectivity. This measurement system must also make it possible to identify the most exposed phases for employees. We chose visible spectroscopy as a simple, fast and accurate detection system. We have successfully developed the sensitive material, based on an inexpensive dye, methylene blue, adsorbed on a thin film of mesoporous silica deposited on a glass plate by dip-coating. This material is stable for more than 50 days stored under ambient air. The system also includes a Nafion® tube; used to stabilize the relative humidity of the air. The measured sensor signal is the absorbance decrease at 600 nm. This reduction results from the oxidation of the dye in the presence of ozone and is irreversible under air. The developed sensor is characterized by sensitivity to low ozone concentrations ranging from 10 to 500 ppbv, reproducible response kinetics and no direct interference in the presence of 500 ppbv of nitrogen dioxide. The temperature dependence of the sensor response is described. The performance of the detection during exposure scenarios for short times and variable concentrations is described. The developed system could be a good candidate for real-time monitoring of occupational ozone exposures. This step will require miniaturization of the test bench components to use the sensor developed in the workplace.
Document type :
Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2019_0207_GHAZALY.pdf
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02529404
Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 12:09:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 3, 2020 - 1:48:15 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02529404, version 1

Citation

Christelle Ghazaly. Développement d’un capteur spectrophotométrique pour la mesure en temps réel des expositions professionnelles à l’ozone. Chimie analytique. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0207⟩. ⟨tel-02529404⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

27