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Étude et réalisation d’une machine asynchrone basse vitesse à réducteur magnétique intégré

Abstract : We propose in this work to study a wound rotor induction motor integrating a magnetic gear which constitutes the MaGIM " Magnetically Geared Induction Machines ". The aim is to improve the reliability and the performances of the classical system associating an induction machine (MAS) with a mechanical reducer (mill, crusher...), the machine being fed directly by the network. Therefore, we designed a MaGIM prototype of 1 kW - 45 rpm operating on the grid at 400 V/50 Hz using analytical and numerical calculation tools to predict the electromagnetic performances of the device. In the first chapter, we present a state of the art of the different magnetic gears studied from the 20th century to the present day. The different structures and topologies studied are listed. Given its complexity, we have modelled the induction machine and the magnetic gear separately, in chapter II. A theoretical model of the machine taking into account the electromagnetic and thermal aspects has been developed in order to obtain an acceptable design according to precise specifications. We have presented the electromagnetic performance of the system obtained as well as the thermal calculations carried out using a nodal method. The transient operation of the machine by establishing an analytical model including the mechanical equations of the induction machine and the magnetic gear was presented in chapter III. This model allowed us to determine the performance of the MaGIM during a direct start on the network. We have seen that the MaGIM can start on the mains under full voltage and that this starting is strongly dependent on the moment of inertia Jl. This study allowed us to highlight the stall phenomenon of the MaGIM and the particularity of magnetic gears to protect themselves against overloads. In the last chapter, we presented the realization of the 1 kW prototype, operating on the 400 V/ 50 Hz network and delivering 210 Nm output at about 50 rpm. The prototype was produced in the mechanical workshop of VEDECOM - Mobilab. Experimental tests were carried out at the end of the realization in order to compare them with the theoretical results and also to validate the concept of the MaGIM.
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Badr-El-Boudour Bidouche. Étude et réalisation d’une machine asynchrone basse vitesse à réducteur magnétique intégré. Energie électrique. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0228⟩. ⟨tel-02552469⟩

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