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Investigation de la Pulvérisation Électrohydrodynamique du Chitosan

Abstract : Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) methods enable to produce with one low cost set-up polymeric films/particles by electrospray or polymeric fibres by electrospinning. Particles or fibres produced by these methods can be very uniform in size. Therefore, electrospray and electrospinning of chitosan are appealing topics of re-search. Chitosan is a bio-based material possessing numerous qualities such as biocompati-bility, biodegradability, antibacterial activity and muco-adhesion. This thesis deals with EHD methods with a focus on chitosan electrospray whose applications are abundant in health (tissue engineering, drug delivery), food (nutrients en-capsulation, cling film), wastewater treatment and textiles. However electrospray has several limitations. First, effective electrospray depends of the grade of the chitosan, of the preparation of the solution and of used set-up. Second, particle-size distribution reported in literature are broad whereas applications such as drug delivery require monodisperse particle-size distributions. Then, the question is to know how to produce chitosan particles of monodisperse controlled size. To answer this question, a critical analysis of literature led to an experimental approach divided in four steps : (1) characterization of chitosan, (2) measurement of chitosan solution properties, (3) study of stability of electrospray process, (4) assessment of deposit morphology and particle-size distribution. Finally, as part of a biomimetic approach, imitation with chitosan of natural shapes has been studied. These shapes are part of structures that confer striking properties such as hygrochromic behavior and hydrophobicity to insects.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 3:10:50 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 2:53:02 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02929528, version 1


Charles Roux-Pertus. Investigation de la Pulvérisation Électrohydrodynamique du Chitosan. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0335⟩. ⟨tel-02929528⟩



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