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Les espaces universitaires : un levier pour l’aménagement urbain et territorial ?

Abstract : The dynamics of knowledge creation and development are set up and linked to the development of local production systems. Most of them can be seen through the territorial development of the scientific and technical potentials developed by the local systems of training or higher education and research. In these construction strategies, the construction and organization of local innovation systems is carried out through the trajectories and specializations built by the territories. And the scientific and technical potentials are considered as the capital means to develop specific resources with recognized capacities to attract and polarize companies and investments at the territorial level. Here we are working and endeavouring to question the constructions put in place for the development of a process that is both learning and innovative. We are also concerned with the understanding and qualification of strategies and spaces that are defined and constituted by the development of technical knowledge nodes and the development of innovative technological projects. This, at the interface of incubating conurbations and metropolises, develops knowledge from dedicated spaces, and qualifies the initiatives concerned by university spaces. Indeed, the scientific density of an area, combined with a local dynamic of creation and establishment of companies, gives impetus to strategies around the development of knowledge to innovate sectors and to propel the professions of the future. This process is considered to be learning and cognitive, with interactive dynamics and strong organisational changes in the spaces, and relational changes in the actors. At the level of cities and conurbations, a renewal of technopolitan dynamics is thus taking place. These are changing, from university spaces to organizational ecosystems in companies that are conducive to the development of new knowledge and technological solutions. The spaces and organizations that have been designed or set up involve universities through their role in structuring and articulating constructed dynamics. The university training and research centres intersect with other centres for the creation and development of knowledge, actions on the development of spaces dedicated to scientific and technical creativity, otherwise to technological innovation. We question the urban and territorial dynamics engaged through the establishment and development of local knowledge economies.
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Elhadji Fodé Samaté. Les espaces universitaires : un levier pour l’aménagement urbain et territorial ?. Géographie. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0021⟩. ⟨tel-02930269⟩

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