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Theses

« Blended together in one great symphony » : documentaires officiels britanniques de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et paysage sonore de la nation

Abstract : This thesis deals with the treatment of the soundscape of World War II Britain in British propaganda of the period. More specifically, it focuses on how the Ministry of Information sought to handle Britain’s wartime sonic environment through the projection of propaganda messages and the control of information and cultural productions. This resulted, on the one hand, in an attempt to neutralize the sounds of war that the government, with the support of the scientific community, considered harmful to the physical and mental health of British citizens during the Blitz. On the other hand, the propaganda principles formulated by the government such as the “People’s War” or the idea that British people were “pulling together”, were specifically illustrated by several “aural icons” that were considered typical of the British nation. At the heart of my study lies the analysis of the soundtracks of official propaganda films commissioned, produced or sponsored by the Films Division of the Ministry of Information. From the beginning of the war, the British General Post Office (GPO) Film Unit was integrated into the Ministry and renamed the Crown Film Unit. Its role throughout the war was therefore, alongside the Army Film Unit and independent documentary units – such as the Shell Film Unit, Strand Film Company, Realist Film Unit and Spectator Short Films – to convey the government’s messages through short, medium and feature-length documentaries. What I demonstrate is that the government’s propaganda principles as well as their extolling of the British nation and its people, and of their superiority over Nazi Germany, were reflected in the treatment of the soundtrack of these films. Through a creative sound aesthetics, these films endeavoured to “harmonize” the sounds of the nation and establish a musical order within discrete sounds, as well as soundmarks encouraging the British people to resist in the face of adversity.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2020_0073_JORGE.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02944713
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 4:20:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:06:38 AM

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Anita Jorge. « Blended together in one great symphony » : documentaires officiels britanniques de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et paysage sonore de la nation. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0073⟩. ⟨tel-02944713⟩

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