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Study of additive’s chemical structure effect on the control of fuel reactivity

Abstract : Modern societies require cleaner and more efficient internal combustion engines. This constraint has involved a significant evolution in the combustion systems and fuel formulation. Engine-fuel adequacy is the key item to be optimized to achieve this goal. Among adjustable parameters, the reactivity of the fuel is the most important characteristic to be considered. This leads to an increasing use of additives that allows fuel to meet various combustion requirements. However, the design and the use of additives still faces a lack of comprehension regarding their effect. In this context, this thesis aims to better understand the chemical effect of additives on the fuel gas-phase reactivity. Three additives including a cetane booster, an octane booster, and a free radical scavenger are considered: 2-ethylhexyl nitrate, ferrocene, and 2,4-xylenol, respectively. The chemical effect of these additives on the reactivity of a surrogate fuel containing 35% n-heptane and 65% toluene by volume was experimentally and numerically investigated. Experiments were conducted in three devices: a shock tube, a rapid compression machine, and a heat flux burner. The use of these experimental devices allows to explore the reactivity over a wide range of engine-relevant conditions. For simulations, a detailed kinetic model was developed based on recent literature data. The satisfactory agreement between experiments and simulations enables to propose several hypothesis regarding the chemical effect of the additives.
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Minh Duy Le. Study of additive’s chemical structure effect on the control of fuel reactivity. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université de Lorraine, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0065⟩. ⟨tel-02958710⟩

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