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L’engagement syndical de la CFDT dans les reconversions des bassins industriels de Pompey et de Pont-à-Mousson des années 1960 aux années 1990

Abstract : The Industrial areas of Pompey and Pont-à-Mousson belong to the most active areas of Lorraine’s steel industry. Pompey’s Steelworks was created in 1872 by Auguste Dupont and Alphonse Dreyfus and Pont-à-Mousson’s Foundries were created in 1856 by Xavier Rogé. Both companies have a glorious past but they have developed in different ways. Indeed, post-war economic boom was the Golden Age for Lorraine’s steel industry It has stimuled the rise of industry. Important events in the 60s and 70s, such as the first oil shock led Lorraine and its industry to an economic and industrial crisis and created an context ofsocial tensions context. Pompey’s Steelworks suffered from this industrial crisis despite significant investment and restructuring.Pont-a-Mousson’s Foundries, however didn’t face this crisis thanks to their type of production and their industrial, commercial and financial strategies. It will be important to understand this difference and focus on the way set up by these two industrial sites in order to respond to this financial and economic crunch. This research will also invlovle the union position of the CFDT in these two industrial areas. This union was created in 1964, after the break-away from the CFTC and secularization in the future programm. It’s very active in both plants thanks to some of its charismastic union leaders like Yvon Tondon Antoine « Tony » Troglic, Jacques Chérèque.Our research will focus on what the CFDT action is in the social conflicts and struggles linked with Lorraine’s desindustrialization. We will study the differences in union action between both sites which will give us the keys to understand and compare their industrial activity regarding for the period until 1970.The Pont-à-Mousson firm has now refocused its business on pipe manufacturing, in a multi-material group, Saint-Gobain. Pompey closed in 1986 and a building site industrial restructuring opened.This doctoral thesis proposes a technical, industrial, economic and social study of the phenomenon of de-industrialization of Lorraine from 1960 to the present. The social aspect is important in order to understand and compare the action of the CFDT in the industrial areas Pompey and Pont-à-Mousson, particularly in terms of employment and social support to workers.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 11:28:00 AM
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Pierre Toussenot. L’engagement syndical de la CFDT dans les reconversions des bassins industriels de Pompey et de Pont-à-Mousson des années 1960 aux années 1990. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0099⟩. ⟨tel-02987834⟩



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