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L'emprunt lexical dans la langue espagnole actuelle : le cas de l'anglicisme et du gallicisme dans le domaine du sport

Abstract : Aware of borrowings (process and result), we notice that it often aims at restoring a balance between two languages (a kind of linguistic osmosis), when one of them is richer in a given field. Aware that it fills a lexical gap or brings additional prestige when it comes to appointing a specific referent, we wish to focus on a promising area (popular and highly mediatized): sport. Our initial researches reveal that this area has only been partially studied and is beginning to be dated. Therefore, this will involve carrying out a study on lexical borrowings in the current Spanish language used in sport. We wish to highlight the significant role of anglicism and gallicism in the Spanish language today. We would like to focus on sports vocabulary. We intend to highlight the extent phenomenon and draw up a sort of accurate analysis. Gallicism and anglicism have long been attested in Spanish, but the exclusive domain of sport has never benefited from a comprehensive study. However, it seems propitious to the integration of exogenous terms. Hapax, speech production or neologisms with a long term ending up integrating the general language, these borrowings of one day or always will be the subject of a formal study (evolution of graphic and phonological significant, morphology with in particular a gender fluctuation), semantics (restriction, extension or use of original sense) and thematics (source of the borrowings). It will be a question of inventorying the phenomenon to be observed in a determined corpus (the generalist daily sports newspaper Marca in its paper and digital version for two years 2015-2016). Marca is the Spanish most important sport press in terms of prints. The terms listed can then be analysed in greater detail (the first appearance, the reasons of the borrowings, the adaptations of the significant and the signified, assimilation by descriptive, normative lexicography, the study of frequency [ Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual de la Real Academia]. The specific areas will allow us to identify huge influences of both languages English and French in some sports that we will try to explain (the beginning of each sport, its popularity, its entry channel in Spain). Furthermore, we will try to compare the presence of such anglicisms and gallicisms in other languages such as English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, in order to determine whether these borrowings are in the process of becoming internationalisms. We can even, in the light of some researches of the past and current trends, try to highlight the sports (emergent sports or which are being popularised) that will provide the borrowings of tomorrow.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 3:12:53 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 3:50:41 AM
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Mady Edouard Diatta. L'emprunt lexical dans la langue espagnole actuelle : le cas de l'anglicisme et du gallicisme dans le domaine du sport. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0144⟩. ⟨tel-03103968⟩



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