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Étude des transferts de chaleur dans un film ruisselant à instabilités de surface par des méthodes de fluorescence induite par laser

Abstract : Thin wavy liquid films are used in many industrial applications as heat and mass transfer promoters, for example they are used in plate heat exchanger or in cooling columns of nuclear power plants. However, the mechanisms of transfer intensification related to the instabilities are still poorly understood and models do not allow to account for all physical phenomena and their coupling. The aim of this work is to study experimentally the intensification of heat transfers between a heated flat inclined wall and the liquid film, when it is traversed by 2D waves on its surface. For this purpose, an experiment has been developed, allowing to impose perturbations on a water film flowing on a thin titanium sheet, heated by Joule effect. Two non-intrusive measurement techniques, based on the laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) technique with two dyes and two colors (2c2d-LIF) were performed to characterize heat transfer. The temporal evolutions of the local average temperature and thickness of the film were measured at one point using a point LIF measurement. A continuous laser radiation, with a wavelength of 532 nm, is used to excite the fluorescence of the seeded liquid by a couple of fluorescent tracers. The intensity of the fluorescence is detected on two different spectral bands: the ratio of the two intensities makes it possible to determine the average temperature of the volume of the probed film, while the intensity measurement makes it possible to obtain the thickness of the film. The use of a pulsed laser allows to freeze the dynamics of the film. Thus, the simultaneous use of two CCD cameras allows to apply the 2c2d-LIF technique in order to obtain an image of the instantaneous temperature field inside the wavy liquid film. The use of a fluorescence intensity ratio on two spectral bands allows to get rid of poorly controlled parameters related to the fluorescence intensity such as the variation of the laser intensity in the film, induced by the deformation of the free surface of the film. A reconstruction algorithm provides the spatio-temporal evolution of the temperature field over the period relative to a wave. The association of these techniques with the measurement of the wall temperature by thermocouples allows to correlate the presence of surface waves to the intensification of heat transfers. The results obtained allow to highlight the influence of convective mixtures induced by surface waves on heat transfers, as a function of parameters such as the frequency of waves and the volume flow rate of the liquid.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 11:19:02 AM
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Romain Collignon. Étude des transferts de chaleur dans un film ruisselant à instabilités de surface par des méthodes de fluorescence induite par laser. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0171⟩. ⟨tel-03150895⟩

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