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Politiques publiques ; esquisse d’une analyse des mécanismes des choix publics face à la globalisation : enjeux politiques et sociaux des relations entre l’État et le groupe ArcelorMittal dans le bassin sidérurgique lorrain de 2012 à 2017

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the closure of the last two blast furnaces of Lorraine by ArcelorMittal company. For that purpose, it examines the workers' struggle of Florange and endeavors to understand the inability of the candidate François Hollande, who became President of France on may 6th 2012, to keep the election promise he made to the steel workers of ArcelorMittal during the campaign for the presidential election of 2012. Within this framawork, we develop an epistemological model that combines the cognitive analysis approach of public policies with an neo-institutionalism perspective. The interest of a such method is to try to overcome the opposition inherent to these two approaches by proposing an articulation between policies and politics. It’s therefore a question of understanding how the actors involved in this conflict analyze, interpret and give meaning to their action, without neglecting the importance of political and institutional factors that structured the decision-making process. The first result of this thesis reveals that the emergence of the social problem is consubstantial with the formation of the social actors collective’s identity. The second result is that the public choices made by the government in this affair, reflect the specific conception of French President François Hollande and his Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault regarding the role of the State on the public policies scenes. More fundamentally, the public choices made by the government fit very clearly into the neo-liberal policy defended by the European Union, and routinized for decades as practice and ‘’way of doing things’’ in all its committees. Consequently, the policies of the Members State at national level, are affected by the constraints of « path dependence » of the European Union.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 1, 2021 - 10:24:12 AM
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William Dannon. Politiques publiques ; esquisse d’une analyse des mécanismes des choix publics face à la globalisation : enjeux politiques et sociaux des relations entre l’État et le groupe ArcelorMittal dans le bassin sidérurgique lorrain de 2012 à 2017. Science politique. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0234⟩. ⟨tel-03154619⟩

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