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Les New Zealand Wars : la culture guerrière maorie face à l’impérialisme britannique

Abstract : The New Zealand Wars are the conflicts in which British fought Maori tribes for the control of New Zealand in the XIXth Century. Their origin can be traced back to the divergent interpretation of the Treaty of Waitangi, signed in 1840 with most prominent Maori chiefs. This treaty is in fact a taking of control of New Zealand by the United Kingdom. From the « Wairau Incident » in 1843 to the surrender of chief Te Kooti in 1872, these conflicts were fought almost exclusively in New Zealand’s North Island. One of the longest crises of the Victorian era, these conflicts were also the first open conflict between Europeans and a Polynesian people, and the only one with such a large scale. In this regard, these conflicts are meaningful because both sides had to implement deep changes in their strategy. Capitalizing on their warrior culture and the experience acquired during the intertribal wars of the beginning of XIXth Century, Maori adapted outstandingly. For example, the pa (Maori traditional fortifications) changed drastically and became the center of Maori strategy. As for British, they had to adapt the tactical procedures used in other colonial conflicts while using the might of their empire to prevail. This research focuses in particular on mutual adaptation processes in colonial conflicts and their legacy, since pa heralded trench warfare and dug out shelters.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03185797, version 1



Laurent Nerich. Les New Zealand Wars : la culture guerrière maorie face à l’impérialisme britannique. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0248⟩. ⟨tel-03185797⟩



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