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L’avocat Agostino Mariotti (1724-1806) et son musée, « une des curiosités de Rome »

Abstract : Abbot and lawyer Agostino Mariotti (1724-1806) was well known in 18th century Rome. Like most of the ecclesiastics of his time, he was first of all a scholar: lawyer of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, man of letters, expert of Latin and Greek languages, bibliophile, numismatist, member of the Academy of Arcadia and also specialist in antiques and great collector. Over the course of several years he had built up an important collection, the main core of which was the Sacred Museum. With his collection, particularly rich in paintings from all periods, Mariotti's project was to tell both the history of the Church and the “Perfezione del disegno”, using Michelangelo as a pivot.The aim of this thesis is to reconstruct the figure of the lawyer Mariotti and his collection, putting everything in perspective with the cultural context of the city of Rome in the 18th century. The new sources found have therefore made it possible to analyse the great richness of the collection, by supplementing the information available about this multifaceted figure, almost entirely forgotten after his death, despite many works of art from his collection has been acquired by the Pope and are still preserved and exhibited today in the Vatican Museums.The first part of the thesis therefore reconstructs the biography of Agostino Mariotti, with a particular attention to his literary production and his relationships with the Italian and foreign scholars of his time. His network is thus made up mainly of people with whom he shares his favourite places of sociability, namely religious, arcades, artists from the Academy of Saint Luke, or even Jesuits despite the role played by Agostino in the suppression of the Order.The second part focusses on the reconstruction of the entire collection of Mariotti, shared between a Sacred Museum, a Profane Museum and a Museum of Natural History. The vast documentary sources found are presented and analysed in order to give the reader a new and more complete picture of this rich and varied collection, beyond the only paintings of "primitive" artists for which Agostino was known until today.The last part follows the dispersion of the works of art after the dissolution of the collection on the death of its creator. Particular attention is given to those that were sold to the Vatican in 1820, a transaction for which we have a large number of documentary sources and which have also enabled us to know the estimates given during the sale. Further research was also carried out to identify other works currently kept in the Vatican Museums.Thanks to our work, we now have a much more accomplished image of this consistorial lawyer and his collection which in his time was considered "one of the curiosities of Rome".
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 4:14:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 3:30:25 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03185828, version 1



Ginevra Odone. L’avocat Agostino Mariotti (1724-1806) et son musée, « une des curiosités de Rome ». Histoire. Université de Lorraine; Università degli studi La Sapienza (Rome), 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0244⟩. ⟨tel-03185828⟩



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