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Theses

Les lieux dans l’oeuvre de Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio

Abstract : Engaging reflection on places or space, in a novel, is very important, but also very difficult, because it is at all textual levels. It is to approach a system of relations in which all the elements which forge it are interdependent and whose functioning creates meaning. This is why, when we try to understand a novel. We must not simply describe the places; we must go beyond and grasp what organizes space and gives it meaning. It must be recognized that the designated place is never a neutral or insignificant element. This evidence appears strongly in the reading of the art work. Talking about places at Le Clézio, it is to speak of a complex space, with multiple dimensions, it is, in fact, reflect on the relations that the text institutes between all its elements and which contribute to give meaning to the narrative. From this point of view, there emerges from the Leclozian work a recurrence from one book to another of a few places drawn from the experience of the writer. Bearing testimony of a time and described in a poetic way. These places can be divided into three spaces: the Desert, the City, the Sea. These are the obsessional themes of Le Clézio that can be found by browsing his literary production. These three subjects would carry in them a duality: nature opposed to civilization. The Clézio is attracted by the vast expanses, by the immense and unlimited spaces, these original places, where everything is pure, unused by the duration of time and not marked by human action: it is the desert, it is the sea.To these mythical spaces is opposed the western civilization incarnated by urban society, a society depicted negatively: space divided, divided into neighborhoods, urban society, that is to say the city,reflects social divisions and inequalities. It represents the place where men are confined, deprived of contact with nature and with others, and where the dislocation of the person who enters or feeds himself is organized this dichotomy between two worlds suggests that there can be no compromise between nature and humanity except through the abandonment of all social responsibilities and characteristics. But nothing is less certain. On the contrary, we believe that the Leclesian thought has several levels of reading and raises a dichotomy between two worlds, which suggests that there can be no compromise between nature and humanity except at the price of the abandonment of all responsibilities and social characteristics. But nothing is less certain. "Is it true that Le Clezio tries to introduce us into a universe split in two: one good, the other bad? - Do we rather assume a poetic approach to places? - Is not the purpose of Le Clézio to paint his vision of the world? - And if the Leclozian work is finally an autobiography. It is the object of this work to bring an answer to these questions.
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Theses
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https://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2020_0272_DAW.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-03204079
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 12:03:01 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 3:50:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03204079, version 1

Citation

Mohamed Daw. Les lieux dans l’oeuvre de Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0272⟩. ⟨tel-03204079⟩

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