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Du manuel au livre à succès : l’Elucidarium d’Honorius Augustodunensis du XIIe au XVe siècle

Abstract : This thesis deals with the Elucidarium, the first theological work written by a prolific 12th-centuy author, Honorius Augustodunensis. Created at the very end of the 11th-century, the Elucidarium has had a great success all over the medieval West even since. Even though the text is not unknown to scholars, the knowledge of this work suffers from many divisions and oppositions. The cleavage between "erudite" and "vulgar" cultures, the division between the monastic intellectual world and that of urban schools, the distinction between doctrinal analysis of the text and its textological study, the opposition between the history of vernacular traditions of this work and the investigations into its original Latin version — all this makes our knowledge of this text fragmentary. The principal goal of the present study is to put an end to these divisions and to determine the true scope of the history of the Elucidarium in the Latin West, from its creation up to the end of the Middle Ages. The only way to achieve this goal is to combine systematically all the existing interpretations and observations with the data provided by handwritten testimonies (such as medieval catalogues, lecture notes, etc.), and by works inspired by the text. This is the only way that make it possible to write a “total history” of the Elucidarium and to reassess this remarkably successful work, and, in the end, to make our knowledge of this text more accurate. The results of the analyses undertaken within the research project are presented in the three parts of the thesis. The first deals with the author and his work. This part’s three chapters inventory critically all the reconstructions of Honorius' life, but also re-examine the doctrinal content of the Elucidarium: its plan and structure, which appear to be inseparably connected. The main purpose of this scrutiny is to suggest a new interpretation of what Honorius envisaged to achieve with his work and how the text has been intended to function. The second part and its two chapters trace the first century of the reception of the text. By documenting the dissemination of the Elucidarium, it is possible to formulate a new hypothesis about the place and circumstances in which Honorius has written his work, but also to see how readers progressively extended its initial function. Finally, the third part of the thesis is dedicated to the history of the Elucidarium in the Late Middle Ages. By the 13th century, the text has gradually spread to many circles, both intellectual and social; it inspired, or was a source of, several works, both in Latin and in vernacular. All this compose the history of the Elucidarium. Although the text has considerably changed its purpose and went far away of the authorial intention, it has not disappeared, it has never stopped to be copied, diffused and read; it has always found its particular niche, remaining an important and relevant book within the cursus librorum, whatever the cultural and social context. In other words, the history of the Elucidarium appears to be much more complex and rich than it has been previously assumed.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 10:37:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03211917, version 1



Gleb Schmidt. Du manuel au livre à succès : l’Elucidarium d’Honorius Augustodunensis du XIIe au XVe siècle. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0038⟩. ⟨tel-03211917⟩



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