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Kinetic Effects in Magnetic Reconnection

Abstract : Plasmas are gaseous systems of ions and electrons which interact via electromagnetic fields and display collective properties. Among these, is the notion of the magnetic line "connection". This expresses the fact that, in regimes in which charged particles spiral sufficiently fast along lines of magnetic induction, the latter is linked to the bulk plasma motion and acquire a topological identity which forbids them to break, intersect and reconnect. This topological identity, however, can be locally violated thanks to a number of kinetic effects, such as particle collisions, when the currents in the plasma are sufficiently intense: one speaks of "magnetic reconnection". Magnetic reconnection is an important ingredient of the plasma self-organization and has significance for both space and laboratory plasmas since it is at the basis of natural phenomena like solar flares and polar lights, or of disruptive processes in thermonuclear fusion experiments. A long-standing problem in the study of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas is to understand the mechanisms of acceleration of electrons and ions, as a magnetic field reconnect and release energy. In this work, we studied kinetic effects on reconnection instabilities developing spontaneously in static current sheets (tearing modes) and in combination with a class of kinetic instabilities (Weibel instabilities) that are relevant both to astrophysical plasma jets and to laser-plasma interaction experiments. We performed this study using reduced-fluid and kinetic models and we investigated the competition between tearing-type modes and Weibel-type instabilities by means of both semi-lagrangian full kinetic Vlasov-Maxwell simulations and particles in cell simulations.
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Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 2:12:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:23:48 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03335706, version 1


Homam Betar. Kinetic Effects in Magnetic Reconnection. Plasma Physics [physics.plasm-ph]. Université de Lorraine, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-03335706⟩



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