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Biorefinery : lignin liquefaction to produce green aromatic chemicals

Abstract : It is necessary and emergent to reduce our dependence to fossil resource and to mitigate climate change. In this context, biomass becomes a strategic renewable resource, for the production of green energy, chemicals and high value materials. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant non-edible feedstock for the synthesis of carbonaceous fuels or chemicals. One important fraction of lignocellulosic biomass is lignin, which is a highly heterogeneous aromatic macromolecule that resists bio-degradation to a much greater extent than cellulosic components. The pulp and paper industry is the largest producers of extracted lignin. Lignin is primarily treated as a by-product and it is valorized for heat and power production. However, this lignin has great potential for value-added development that can capitalize on the unique aromatic features of lignin to potentially replace certain types of petroleum-derived products. In this thesis, industrially available lignins were first characterized. The research focus is to depolymerize these lignins to monomers or oligomers of potential interest for biomaterials synthesis. Both reductive (under H2) and oxidative (O2) liquefaction atmospheres are presented. Among the most significant challenges with lignin liquefaction research is the effective characterization of the resulting liquid phase products. In order to address this issue, a novel analytical technique utilizing UV-fluorescence spectroscopy is introduced for rapid screening of lignin liquefaction products. This technique is assessed in conjunction with other analytical methods, which are compared and contrasted. Different catalysts, solvents (ethanol, NaOH) and conditions have been studied. A global process analysis including some technical-economical assessment gives the main process unit to improve for a better valorisation of lignins on a real case pulp & paper mill.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 8:08:29 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 11, 2021 - 4:00:07 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03423257, version 1



Erika Bartolomei. Biorefinery : lignin liquefaction to produce green aromatic chemicals. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université de Lorraine, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0114⟩. ⟨tel-03423257⟩



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