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Le royasque en France : un dialecte ligurien alpin ? Origines, classification, représentations et réalité sociolinguistique à la frontière franco-italienne

Abstract : Today, the situation of regional languages raises many questions, particularly with regard to the hinge and transition linguistic zones, such as the Alpes Maritimes department. A language contact zone between French, Italian, and more precisely Ligurian - present as far as Menton, where it is in transition with Provençal - the Roya valley is a complex plurilingual and pluricultural territory.On the French side, our study focuses on the languages of the villages of Tende, La Brigue and Breil-sur-Roya (from the north to the south of the upper valley of the French Roya), on which the linguists Werner Forner and Jean-Philippe Dalbera have worked extensively. On the Italian side, I focused my research on the towns of the lower Roya valley, Sanremo and Ventimiglia, in the south of Western Liguria, and on the villages of Triora and Pigna, further north.Beyond the conflicts of identities and the urgency of safeguarding languages through their transmission in associations, one of the thorniest problems remains the linguistic classification of local languages. Although the territory of the valley is officially considered to be an Occitan area, linguists firmly oppose Ligurian-Alpine membership. From a sociolinguistic point of view, our aim will be to go beyond purely linguistic considerations to bring out the speakers' representations of their culture and of speaking to them.As far as our fieldwork is concerned, it is part of "the study of authentic language practices in a social context is a matter of sociolinguistics, in the broadest sense" Gadet (2003: 5) within a socioconstructivist epistemological framework of complex thinking and ethno-sociolinguistics theory (Calvet, 1993, Blanchet, 2000). Our research is situated in the field of languages in contact and is oriented towards a variationist (Labov, 1976) and interactional (Hymes, 1982; Gumperz, 1989 a and b) sociolinguistics, with the study of the heterogeneity of the linguistic systems and the linguistic heterogeneity of the social groups in our survey. We also interrogate in this framework the question of domination phenomena (Marcellesi and Gardin 1974, Blanchet 2018, Colonna 2020).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 1, 2022 - 2:46:01 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03592623, version 1


Charlène Chaupré-Berki. Le royasque en France : un dialecte ligurien alpin ? Origines, classification, représentations et réalité sociolinguistique à la frontière franco-italienne. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie), 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0201⟩. ⟨tel-03592623⟩



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