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Les radios communales, une référence médiatique à l'émergence d'une démocratie discursive en Côte Ivoire

Abstract : The thesis addresses the issue of the place of communal radio stations in the democratization process in Côte d'Ivoire. The return to a multi-party political system from 1990 onwards at the same time opened the way for the liberalization of the media space, which for several years remained closed to the private sector. The broadcasting license granted to licensees of private non-commercial radio stations (local radio stations) via the founding law of 27 December 1991 is accompanied by a ban on dealing with political news. Based on this legal framework, the information media landscape remains the monopoly of the public media and the private press. The temporal approach that feeds our reflection allows us to structure the thesis in three parts.The first part, after a description of the methodological approach, highlights the birth of traditional media (written press, television and radio) with particular emphasis on the role played by the Ivorian national radio in the process of socioeconomic development after the Independence on August 7, 1960 until 1990. The second part of the thesis deals with the impact of the written press on the democratic process since the advent of information pluralism in Côte d'Ivoire. To this end, it should be noted the fairly remarkable level of politicization in the Ivorian press in terms of the content offered. The third and last part, for its part, provides an inventory of local radio stations by answering the research question: how can municipal radio stations contribute to the implementation of discursive democracy in Côte d'Ivoire?The establishment of local radios within local authorities from 1998 aims to improve the exchange of information between municipalities and their citizens. Twenty years after their authorization to broadcast, local radio stations are an important lever for mass communication in the Ivory Coast. The case study of two communal radio stations (Radio Prestige de Gagnoa and Radio Fraternité de Yopougon) makes it possible to establish quite clearly the social importance of local radio stations, despite the particularly rigid legal framework regarding them. To make the action of local radios more visible, the thesis proposes in chapter 6 a project aimed at accelerating the process of professionalization of this category of radio.The concept of "Discursive Democracy" based on the traditional African model of social and political participation (the palaver tree) which underlies the project developed in Chapter 6 gives the thesis its scientific originality.On the empirical level, the thesis makes it possible to identify a certain number of indicators such as the place of local languages ​​in the program schedule, the importance of the emotional link between radio actors and listeners or the precarious working conditions of the agents who allow reframing and improving development policies for radio stations belonging to local authorities in Côte d'Ivoire.On a theoretical level, the thesis relaunches the debate around the appropriate democratic model for developing countries like the Ivory Coast in the light of the repeated socio-political crises which precede and follow the electoral exchanges
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 3:18:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:35:30 AM

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Olivier Kouassi Kouassi. Les radios communales, une référence médiatique à l'émergence d'une démocratie discursive en Côte Ivoire. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0231⟩. ⟨tel-03662736⟩



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